- Wash hands.
- Introductions, explanation and consent - if there is a patient there.
- Check patient details on the urine sample bottle and when it was taken (should be <4 hours old).
- Comment on the colour, clarity and odour of the urine sample.
- Dipsticks should be stored in a cool, dry place with the lid on (not in the fridge).
- Check the use by date.
- Check the instructions on the bottle for the timing of the reading (different brands have to be left after dipping for different amounts of time prior to reading).
- Use gloves and don apron.
- Carefully take the top of the urine sample (ensure you do not touch the testing zones) and dip the dipstick in until all the raised areas are covered.
- Leave the dipstick for the required amount of time and then read it by comparing the colour changes to the sample on the side of the bottle.
- Dispose of the dipstick and sample, remove gloves and wash hands.
- Record findings thoroughly in the notes, include:
- Patient details
- Date and time
- Who you are and designation
- What you did (i.e. 'urine dip performed') and why you did it (e.g. 'as the patient has pyrexia of unknown origin)
- What you found, write down everything the dipstick looks for from the side of the bottle and the results that you got
- Sign name, print name, designation, contact number
If you don't have much of a sample then try using a syringe, draw the sample into it and then run the urine over the dipstick using the syringe.
Infection may come up as positive for nitrites, leukocytes, protein and blood.