|This page needs more content, you can help out Mediwikis by adding to it|
- Dysphonia-Unable to make sounds associated with speech. Voice can sound hoarse or breathy.
- Dysarthria-Patient can make sounds, but finds pronunciation(articulation) difficult.
- Dystonia-Voice is wrong pitch.
- Aphasia-Interaction using language is difficult- can be mild to severe. Often associated with stroke
- Dysphasia classification:
- 1. Expressive (Broca's) - Can understand sentences, but not repeat them. Frontal lesion. Hemiplegia.
- 2. Receptive (Wernicke's) - Output is fluent, but comprehension is bad. No weakness associated. Temporal lesion. Field defect.
- 3. Conductive - Both output and comprehension are fluent and good, Parietal lesion. Cannot repeat.
- 4. Global - Both output and comprehension are non-fluent and bad. Lesion is combined throughout. Hemiplegia, Hemisensory loss, Field defect.
- Word Errors:
- Semantically Related- door/ windows
- Phonetically related- cup/cut
- Neologisms-Creating new, english sounding words for things- "bring me that shibobble"
- Don't rush
- Use adult voice, don't speak down to the patient
- Make eye contact
- Make use of all forms of communication
- Pen & Paper
- Try rephrasing, not repeating
- Check understanding