- Acute Abdomen
- Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease
- GI Cancer
- Substance Misuse and Dependence
Other notable conditions
These aren't in the FoCP syllabus, but remain important.
The Lower Oesophageal Sphincter remains tense, causing dysphagia, regurgitation & substernal cramps. Investigate using a Barium Swallow, and treat using endoscopic balloon dilatation
Dysregulation of Iron metabolism, shown by tiredness, arthralgia, Diabetes Mellitus, and signs of chronic liver disease (Jaundice). It is delineated from other liver diseases by Increased Ferritin and Iron, and Decreased TIBC
Hereditary Liver Disease causing Liver Disease, Airways Disease (like COPD) and HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma)
Risk factors include GORD, smoking, alcohol, Barrett's oesophagus. 20% are located in the upper tract, 50% in the middle, 30% in lower.
Benign Oesophageal Stricture
Caused by GORD, treat with balloon dilatation