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Foot & Ankle Examination

From Mediwikis

Read the instructions carefully and examine the correct side, and attend to the patient's comfort. Observe the patients face throughout!

Wash Hands

Introduction, Explanation, Consent

Patient lying down

Look

  • Dorsal and plantar surfaces of foot
  • Patient's footwear

Feel

  • Skin temperature
  • Peripheral pulses
    • Dorsalis pedis
    • Posterior tibialis
  • Squeeze the MTPJs
  • Palpate the midfoot, ankle joint line & subtalar foot

Movement

Active & Passive

  • Subtalar joint - inversion & eversion
  • Big toe - dorsiflexion & plantar flexion
  • Ankle joint - doriflexion & plantar flexion
  • Mid-tarsal joints - passive rotation

Patient standing

Look

  • Forefoot, midfoot (foot arch) and hindfoot

Function

Gait cycle (heel strike, stance, toe off)

Thank Patient

Wash Hands